This publication is the ninth in our series of comprehensive annual overviews, focusing on political, social and economic developments and trends in Hungary in 2022, as well as an outlook on which topics we expect to dominate Hungarian politics in 2023.
In the first section we review the year from the perspective of the Hungarian government, with a special emphasis on the reasons behind the fourth consecutive win of Fidesz at the parliamentary elections, and the strategic situation of the government at the end of 2022. In the second section we look at the opposition parties, their state and prospects after suffering a heavy defeat at the last elections. The third section focuses on foreign affairs, in particular the developments surrounding EU funds and the international position of the Orbán government in the context of the Russia-Ukraine war. In the fourth section, we take a detailed look at how Fidesz's policies have shaped the economy over the past year. Finally, some key developments of the Hungarian society – media landscape; teachers' demonstrations – are discussed. All of the sections conclude with a brief analysis of the issues which may come to the fore in 2023.
Editor: András Bíró-Nagy
Main author: Gábor Győri
Contributing authors: András Bíró-Nagy, Gábor Scheiring
Policy Solutions is a progressive political research institute based in Budapest. It was founded in 2008 and it is committed to the values of liberal democracy, solidarity, equal opportunity, sustainability and European integration. The focus of Policy Solutions’ work is on understanding political processes in Hungary and the European Union. Among the pre-eminent areas of our research are the investigation of how the quality of democracy evolves, the analysis of factors driving euroscepticism, populism and the far-right, and election research.
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